B0052 - Passenger Seatbelt Sensor

Repair Importance Level: 3/3
Repair Difficulty Level: 3/3  What does this mean?

B0052 Possible Causes

  • Faulty Passenger Seatbelt Sensor
  • Passenger Seatbelt Sensor harness is open or shorted
  • Passenger Seatbelt Sensor circuit poor electrical connection

First diagnose B0052 code

    Check the "Possible Causes" listed above. Visually inspect the related wiring harness and connectors. Check for damaged components and look for broken, bent, pushed out, or corroded terminals.

Cost of diagnosing the B0052 code

    Labor: 1.0

    The cost of diagnosing the B0052 code is 1.0 hour of labor. The auto repair labor rates vary widely across the country, and even within the same city. Most auto repairs shops charge between $75 and $150 per hour.

When is the B0052 code detected?

If the Restraints Control Module (RCM) detects a short between the passenger safety belt buckle switch circuits and the circuits of another SRS component, it sets this Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) and the DTC of the corresponding SRS component.

B0052 Possible Symptoms

  • Air Bag Warning Light ON

B0052 Meaning

The Restraints Control Module (RCM) monitors all deployable device and sensor circuits for a signal cross coupled (short) between circuits. If the RCM detects a short between the circuits of one device and another device, it will store a DTC for each of the signal cross coupled faults in memory. The RCM sends a message to the Instrument Panel Cluster (IPC) to illuminate the air bag warning indicator. When a normal loop fault is present (one loop is either shorted to battery/ground, open circuit or low resistance), then signal cross coupled diagnostics will not be active. Once the normal loop fault is repaired, then the signal cross coupled diagnostics will resume.
OBDII Code B0052 - Passenger Seatbelt Sensor - Engine-Codes.com

B0052 More Information

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B0052 Information for specific makes

Precautions for SRS “AIR BAG” and “SEAT BELT PRE-TENSIONER” Service

  • Never probe the electrical connectors on air bag, side air curtain modules or seat belts.
  • Never disassemble or tamper with safety belt buckle/retractor pretensioners, adaptive load limiting retractors, safety belt inflators, or probe the electrical connectors.
  • Do not use electrical test equipment to check SRS circuits unless instructed to in this Service Manual.
  • Before servicing the SRS, turn ignition switch OFF, disconnect both battery cables and wait at least 3 minutes. For approximately 3 minutes after the cables are removed, it is still possible for the air bag and seat belt pre-tensioner to deploy. Therefore, do not work on any SRS connectors or wires until at least 3 minutes have passed.
Failure to follow this instruction may result in the accidental deployment of these modules, which increases the risk of serious personal injury or death.

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