Engine-Codes - Ford - P1116 1998 FORD F150

P1116 1998 FORD F150 - Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor Out of Self-Test Range

Repair Importance Level: 3/3
Repair Difficulty Level: 2/3  What is this?
Table of contents

P1116 1998 FORD F150 Possible Causes

  • Low Engine Coolant Level
  • Faulty Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) sensor
  • Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) sensor harness is open or shorted
  • Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) sensor electrical circuit poor connection
  • Faulty Engine Coolant Thermostat
  • Damaged Powertrain Control Module (PCM)

How is the P1116 1998 FORD F150 code repair?

Start by checking the "Possible Causes" listed above. Visually inspect the related wiring harness and connectors. Check for damaged components and look for broken, bent, pushed out, or corroded connector's pins.

Tech Notes

Start by checking for coolant leaks, if there are not leaks the thermostat might be stuck open or closed and may need to be replaced, you still have an issue the engine coolant temp sensor or cylinder head temp sensor. The engine coolant temperature must be greater than 10°C (50°F) to pass the key ON engine OFF (KOEO) self-test and greater than 82°C (180°F) to pass the key ON engine running (KOER) self-test.

What is the cost to diagnose the P1116 1998 FORD F150 code

Labor: 1.0

The cost to diagnose the P1116 1998 FORD F150 code is 1.0 hour of labor. The auto repair's diagnosis time and labor rates vary by location, vehicle's make and model, and even your engine type. Most auto repair shops charge between $75 and $150 per hour.
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Possible Symptoms

  • Engine Light ON (or Service Engine Soon Warning Light)
  • Engine Overheating

P1116 1998 FORD F150 Meaning

The Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) Sensor is a thermistor device in which resistance changes with temperature. The electrical resistance of a thermistor decreases as the temperature increases, and the resistance increases as the temperature decreases. The varying resistance changes the voltage drop across the sensor terminals and provides electrical signals to the Powertrain Control Module (PCM) corresponding to temperature.
Thermistor-type sensors are considered passive sensors. A passive sensor is connected to a voltage divider network so varying the resistance of the passive sensor causes a variation in total current flow. Voltage that is dropped across a fixed resistor (pull-up resister) in series with the sensor resistor determines the voltage signal at the PCM. This voltage signal is equal to the reference voltage minus the voltage drop across the fixed resistor.
The ECT measures the temperature of the engine coolant. The PCM uses the ECT input for fuel control and for cooling fan control. There are 3 types of ECT sensors; threaded, push-in, and twist-lock. The ECT sensor is located in an engine coolant passage.

More Information

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