Tech notesNissan models with distributor the camshaft position sensor is part of the distributor.
There is a factory service bulletin for the following Nissan models:
2003 Nissan Altima
2004 Nissan Altima
2005 Nissan Altima
2004 Nissan Quest
2004 Nissan Maxima
Nissan Factory Service Bulletin OBDII Code P0340
Camshaft Positioning Sensor Replacement - Nissan Altima
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When is the code detected?The camshaft position sensor signal is not detected by the Engine Control Module(ECM) during the first few seconds of engine cranking
P0340 Nissan DescriptionThe Camshaft Position Sensor is an electronic device used in an engine to record the rate at which the camshaft is spinning. This information is used by the Engine Control Module(ECM) to control ignition and fuel injection. The camshaft position sensor senses the retraction of camshaft (intake) to identify a particular cylinder. The camshaft position sensor senses the piston position. The sensor system consists of a rotating part, typically a disc, as well as a static part, the actual sensor.
When the engine is running, the high and low parts of the teeth cause the gap with the sensor to change. The changing gap causes the magnetic field near the sensor to change. The change in the magnetic field cause the voltage from the sensor to change.
When the crankshaft position sensor (POS) system becomes inoperative, the camshaft position sensor provides various controls of engine parts instead, utilizing timing of cylinder identification signals.