Start by checking the "Possible Causes" listed above. Visually inspect the related wiring harness and connectors. Check for damaged components and look for broken, bent, pushed out, or corroded connector's pins.
The P0171 code means that more air than gasoline is detected in the exhaust gases exiting the combustion chamber. If the P0171 is set in along with the P0174 code, it is highly likely that the problem is caused by an intake leak. If there are no intake leaks, the next step is to replace the air filter and clean the Mass Air Flow (MAF) Sensor. If the problem persists the MAF or Front Heated Oxygen (O2) Sensor will need to be replaced.
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The cost to diagnose the P0171 code is 1.0 hour of labor. The auto repair's diagnosis time and labor rates vary by location, vehicle's make and model, and even your engine type. Most auto repair shops charge between $75 and $150 per hour.
The Engine Control Module (ECM) controls a Closed Loop air/fuel metering system to provide the best possible combination of drivability, fuel economy, and emission control. The ECM monitors the Heated Oxygen Sensor (HO2S) signal voltage and adjusts the fuel delivery based on the signal voltage while in Closed Loop. A change made to the fuel delivery changes the long and short-term fuel trim values. The short-term fuel trim values change rapidly in response to the HO2S signal voltages. These changes fine-tune the engine fueling. The long-term fuel trim values change in response to trends in the short-term fuel trim. The long-term fuel trim makes coarse adjustments to fueling to re-center and restore control to short-term fuel trim. The ideal fuel trim values are around 0 %. A positive fuel trim value indicates that the ECM is adding fuel to compensate for a lean condition. A negative fuel trim value indicates that the ECM is reducing the amount of fuel to compensate for a rich condition. The Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) will be set when the average long-term fuel trim weighted average value is greater or less than a calibrated value.
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