Start by checking the "Possible Causes" listed above. Visually inspect the related wiring harness and connectors. Check for damaged components and look for broken, bent, pushed out, or corroded connector's pins.
The cost to diagnose the P0016 VOLKSWAGEN code is 1.0 hour of labor. The auto repair's diagnosis time and labor rates vary by location, vehicle's make and model, and even your engine type. Most auto repair shops charge between $75 and $150 per hour.
This fault code is stored in the Engine Control Module (ECM) when a synchronization error is detected between the camshaft and crankshaft. The output from both the camshaft and crankshaft sensors is compared and if the signal is outside of specifications then a correlation fault is flagged. The valve timing should be checked before any electrical fault finding is carried out. An oscilloscope can be used to validate the timing. However, some vehicles have a keyless drive on the phonic wheel pickup for the camshaft and/or crankshaft sensor. In this case, the static valve timing may be within specification but the phonic wheel is out of alignment.
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